6 Phases Involved in Growth of Cannabis Seeds

Published : 03/17/2014 13:29:41
Categories : Marijuana and cannabis Blog Rss feed

They spend a lot of time learning about the various techniques and revising them according to the needs of the kind of plants, in order to achieve the maximum possible yield.  All the cannabis growers know that there are different varieties of the plant, which means it is quite obvious that each of them follow different patterns of growth. However, the basic outline of the lifecycle of these plants remains the same. The usual life cycle follows the common pattern of six phases described below. 

Seed Germination 

Germination of the cannabis seeds is the first phase of all kinds of marijuana plants. This stage needs stratification (absorption of adequate quantity of water) in addition to presence of darkness, in order to start the main metabolic process. This metabolic process starts the sprouting of the seedling. Based on the seed’s age, it may require anywhere from one to eight days for the initial germination.  

Seedling 

Once the germination is completed, a taproot firmly fastens in the ground and two cotyledons come out within two to four days. Following the germination of the seeds, the grower has to continue the same routine and ensure good air circulation and cleanliness. After one or two days, the initial few leaves should begin to grow. Over the next two weeks, the plant will begin to grow strongly.  

Vegetation 

This is the stage of maximum growth. Every day, a new leaf tissue is formed, enhancing the overall growth capacity. With great growing conditions, this plant is capable of growing up to 6 inches per day, though the rate is usually 1-2 inches/day. During the mid-vegetative phase, the number of blades on every leaf starts to reduce. After this, the leaf arrangement on the stem modifies from the normal opposite to alternate. The internodes start to reduce and the growth seems to be thicker. Branches, which have emerged in the axis of every bunch of leaves, develop and shape the plant into its characteristic form.  

Pre-Flowering  

This is the phase where the growth of the plant in terms of height slows down. It begins to produce more nodes and branches. During this stage, the plant fills out and will begin to show a calyx. 

Flowering 

This is the reproductive phase where the results of the grower’s hard work start to show.  The stage involves several hormonal changes introduced by an increase in far red and red light wavelengths provided mainly by high pressure sodium bulbs. Though the length of this phase may vary from one kind to the other, this is where you can start seeing the buds and flowers developing, indicating the right time to harvest.  

Harvesting  

After flowering, the marijuana plant is ready to harvest. The harvesting stage involves trimming and drying up the yield. Trimming is the most labor-intensive and time-consuming part of cannabis cultivation, and if anything goes wrong, all your efforts can go in vain. 

So, these are the six main phases of a cannabis plant’s lifecycle – happy harvesting!

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